Scientifically known as Calendula Arvensis. It is an annual plant native in the Mediterranean, North West Asia and Western Europe. It is part of the Asteraceae family that has 15-20 species. Wild calendula reaches 50 points height, produces small flowers, in vividly orange colour, grows in vines and meadows and has the same properties as the cultivated.
The florescence and collection season is between May to October. It is a one-year or two-year plant.
Used parts of the plant are its flowers which, when dried, become light, brittle, odorless and slightly bitter.
The heads are collected when are fully opened and dried in shade at a temperature lower than 35 ° C.
There are many varieties of the plant, its cultivation is easy, thanks to its many seeds.
Calendula flowers are yellow or orange, simple or double, and the leaves of the opposite, when dried out, give a characteristic aromatic smell.
- It is used both internally and externally for therapeutic purposes.
- It has healing properties, which are due to antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial action. For this reason, it is suggested in cases of acne, eczema, varicose veins, rashes, prickles, insect stings, burns and wounds.
- For internal use it is recommended for gallbladder, hepatitis, dyspepsia and obesity disorders.
- Its use has great contribution in fighting viruses.
- The plant is extremely effective in cases of insomnia, severe stress, tension and irritability, and can even help people with depression, due to its soothing and relaxing attributes.
HOW TO USE
As beverage: Boil the leaves of the herb into water for 10-15′. In a cup add approximately 5gr calendula. For the compress, add a small quantity of calendula flowers in a cooking pot, add water until it is covered and simmer for 10-15 minutes. Then drain and place a clean towel in to the infusion and place it on the part of the body where the pain is. Alternatively, we can use the boiled flowers onto a cloth.
In cooking: For flavor and as garnish in soups or salads.
As tincture: Calendula tincture retains all the active herbal ingredients of the herb. Epidermal, 1ml of tincture daily, works diligently, for season strokes, eczema, garbage wrapping, burns or insect bites.