Scientifically known as Rosmaritus officinalis. The Latin name is Rosmarinus. Its Greek name derives from the words tree and frankincense, while its Latin name derives from the words rhodos and sea marinus, or dew of the sea. It is an indigenous Mediterranean plant, densely blooming and multi-stemmed shrub up to 2 meters high. In Southern Europe it is a self-grown plant that grows in warm and dry climate. It can easily withstand up to -10 degrees Celsius and long-lasting in heat and wind. Its leaves are small, lanceolate resemble pine needles while the flowers extend along the entire length of the twigs. It is a woody perennial herb, with evergreen needle-like leaves and dense, short, woolly hair and white, purple, or blue flowers while its fragrance is dry pleasant. It is an excellent medicinal herb that is found in various forms: dried, fresh, oil, ointment, tincture. As a pharmaceutical plant is used in confectionery as an essential oil, in aromatotherapy, cosmetics and food technology.
- Rosemary stimulates blood circulation and improves concentration and memory.
- The antioxidant properties of rosemary are due to its phenolic components. Recent research has shown that rosemary affects the metabolism of carbohydrates and lipids while in recent studies it refers to the possible effects of lowering blood glucose, cholesterol and weight.
- It is useful for headaches and migraines.
- Enhances hair growth.
- It boosts mood and is useful in cases of depression of mild to moderately severe form.
- it acts as a tonic against overwork and weakness.
- It is considered antibacterial, antifungal and antirheumatic, stimulating heart and vision, but also against diabetes.
HOW TO USE
As beverage: Add a teaspoon of flowers and leaves into boiling water and let it for 5 minutes. The rosemary beverage acts against dizziness and fainting.
In cooking: Goes well with meat, mainly lamb and chicken, but also with fish. When the leaves are finely chopped, they need special attention because of the strong scent, so in large quantities and cooked, the dish might taste bitter.
As essential oil: Few drops of the essential oil relieve stress and anxiety, migraine and headache. Due to its antifungal properties, rosemary can be used as an effective remedy for dandruff, cellulite and stretch marks.
CAUTION: Avoid use during pregnancy.