The scientific name is Thymus Vulgaris and belongs to the Laminacea family. The are more than 200 varieties of Thymus belong to this family.
It is a native Mediterranean plant found in Europe and Asia. Its name derives from the ancient Greek word means anger. In Greece, we find about 20 varieties throughout the land and islands. It is a perennial shrub with height up to 40cm with small oval to large leaves and smell that varies, depending on the species. Flowers are small, purple in color. Harvesting takes place once a year as soon as the blossom begins in June. Optimal drying is shaded so that the plant maintains the essential oils and its colour. It is an excellent beekeeping plant and gives excellent honey.
The main essence of thyme is thymol which gives the plant all its medicinal properties.
- It is used in respiratory infections and strengthens the immune system.
- Helps in dermatological problems.
- It acts beneficial to digestion and generally to the digestive system, while chemical substances of the herb have anticonvulsant properties and bring down blood pressure.
- It has a strong antioxidant effect by neutralizing the bacteria.
- Tea can be used in the treatment of bronchitis, cough and colds.
- It is rich in vitamins and nutrients that are natural antibiotics.
HOW TO USE
As beverage: Add 2 teaspoons in boiling water and leave for 10′. The infusion is also used to make gargles in case of sore throat.
In Cooking: It goes well with oregano adding extra flavor and taste. Also with grilled vegetables, meat and fish.
As Essential Oil: Studies have shown that the essential oil of thyme acts positive in fighting breast, mouth and ovary cancer cells. Also, 10 drops of oil in the shampoo reduces hair loss. Its anti-fungal action helps to heal wounds and burns. It is also used as a stimulant for atony, anxiety and depression.
Thyme is a Mediterranean plant, often found in Europe and Asia. References of it can also be found in the Sumerians, the Egyptians and the Romans with different usages. Its scientific name is Thymus Vulgaris and is part of the family Laminacea. It is being produced in Mediterranean countries such as Spain, Portugal, Greece, Balkan countries and France.
Thyme is a perrenial plant its height rises up to 40cm, with oval leaves various scents across its different types and purple flowers. Its main substance is Thymol that provides the plant with its pharmaceutical characteristics. It belongs to the genus of Thymus that contains more than 200 types. The most common variety is Thymus Vulgaris, often being used in cooking.
In Greece have been found 20 varieties, both in the mainland and the islands. It is an excellent bee-hosting plant providing fine honey. It is being harvested once per year when it begins to flower around June. It best dries in shade so that its essential oils and color can be preserved.
Thyme is being used extensively in aromatotherapy, cosmetics, pharmacy and also distillery. It is also provided in respiratory infections, strengthens the immune system, smooths skin problems and helps in digestion and generally the digestive system. As tea, is also used in treating bronchitis and coughing.
To prepare a beverage add 1 teaspoon of dried herb in a cup of boiling water, cover and leave it for 5-10 minutes. Then strain.